Is All About IBC (INDONESIAN BROADCASTING COMMITEE)
Posted November 23, 2009on:
2.1 Broadcasting Supervision
The existence of IBC is part of the realization of the people’s participation in broadcasting, either as an aspiration forum or representative of the people’s interest (Broadcasting Act, article 8 clause 1). IBC’s political legitimacy in the state is tightly regulated in the Broadcasting Act that IBC is an independent regulatory body which regulates issues pertaining to broadcasting (Broadcasting Act, article 7 clause 2). By the concept, this position sets IBC as a quasi state body or in other words it is also known as auxiliary state institution.
In order to execute its function, IBC has an authority to establish and supervise various broadcasting regulations that relate the broadcasting institutions, the government, and the society. The regulation comprises all of the cycling processes of broadcasting activities starting from the founding phase, operation, accountability, to evaluation. In carrying out all of these, IBC coordinates with the government and other state bodies, due to the mutually related spectrum of regulations. For example, in relation with the judicial and justice authorities, any violation against the Broadcasting Act is categorized as a crime act. Besides that, IBC also builds relationship with the people in accommodating and following up all forms of people’s appreciations toward broadcasting institutions as well as broadcasting world in general
2.2 Vision and Mission
The realization of a national broadcasting system which is just and dignified to benefit most for the people’s welfare.
1. To develop and maintain the structure of national information which is fair, equitable, and proportionate.
2. To help develop broadcasting infrastructure which is organized and orderly, and present harmonious information flows between the central government and the local governments in Indonesia, and between Indonesia and other countries.
3. To conduce fair and dignified business competition among broadcasting companies.
4. To present broadcasting programs which are healthy, smart, and qualified to build intellectuality, character, and moral for the nation’s advancement as well as to adopt Indonesian cultural values.
5. To set the planning, arrangement, and development of human resources to assure professionalism in broadcasting.
2.3 The authority, duties and obligations of IBC with the purpose of executing broadcasting regulation.
1. Set broadcast program standards
2. Establish regulations and set broadcasting codes of conduct (proposed by the broadcasting association / society to IBC)
3. Monitor the implementation of regulations and broadcasting codes of conduct as well as broadcast program standards.
4. Penalize any broadcasting institutions that violate the regulations and broadcasting codes of conduct as well as broadcast program standards.
5. Coordinate and/or cooperate with the government, broadcasting institutions, and society.
• Duties and Responsibility
1. Ensure that the people receive correct and proper information as part of human rights
2. Help manage broadcasting infrastructure
3. Help create fair competition climate among broadcasting institutions and related industries
4. Maintain the structure of national information which is fair, equitable, and balanced
5. Accommodate, analize, and follow up any complaints, rebuttals, and criticisms as well as appreciation of the people regarding broadcasting executions.
6. Formulate human resources development planning to ensure professionalism in broadcasting.
Licensing is the most important factor in regulating broadcasting. In the series of procedures for regulating broadcasting, licensing is the state decision stage through IBC to evaluate if a broadcasting institution deserves to be given or deserves to obtain a lease for frequency. In other words, licensing also functions as an instrument to hold responsibility of a broadcasting institution continuously and periodically to ensure it does not deviate from its mission to inform the public.
In licensing system, various aspects of requirements have been regulated, i.e. starting from technical requirements (basic planning of broadcasting technicalities and technical requirements for broadcasting instruments, including broadcasting network), content, ownership, and processes and stages of granting, extending, or revoking a broadcasting license.
On process and stage perspectives, the granting and extending of a broadcasting license will be conducted by the state after obtaining:
1. Inputs and evaluation from IBC after a hearing between IBC and an applicant.
2. A feasibility recommendation to run a broadcasting from IBC.
3. An agreement resulted from a joint meeting specially held for license granting between the government and IBC.
4. A license of allocation and use of radio frequency spectrum from the government based on the IBC proposal.
License is granted in stages, i.e. temporary and permanent licenses. Before receiving a permanent broadcasting license, a radio broadcasting institution has to go through a period of testing which lasts maximally for 6 months, whereas for a television broadcasting institution, it has to undergo a period of testing for 1 year maximally. It should be noted that, a broadcasting license which has been granted may not be transferred (given, sold, shifted) to another party (institution or person).
The period of broadcasting license use is limited to a certain time span, i.e. radio broadcasting license is 5 years and television is 10 years. These licenses can be extended by submitting applications which are then evaluated and verified against the requirements for issuing the licenses. The broadcasting license which has been issued and is still valid can be revoked by the state if the broadcasting institution:
Does not pass the broadcasting testing period established (this is applicable to a broadcasting institution with temporary license, i.e. a radio broadcasting institution has to undergo a broadcasting testing maximally for 6 months and maximally 1 year for a television broadcasting institution);
1. Violates the use of radio frequency spectrum and/or violates the broadcast area range established.
2. Does not broadcast for more than 3 months without providing notice to IBC.
3. Transfers the license to another party.
4. Violates the basic planning of broadcasting technicalities and technical broadcasting instruments or Violates the broadcast program standards after having a fixed legally binding court decision.